What Agreements Came Out Of The Berlin Conference

-December 20, 2020-

What Agreements Came Out Of The Berlin Conference

Mike Burroughs

The conference took place on the 15th The number of plenipotentiaries varied by nation,[13] but these 14 countries sent representatives to the Berlin conference and signed the following law in Berlin:[14] Following the European race to the colonies, Germany began to launch its own expeditions, frightening British and French men. The occupation of Egypt and the acquisition of Congo were the first major steps in a sharp battle around African territory. In the hope of rapidly defusing this brewing conflict, King Leopold II convinced France and Germany that common trade in Africa was in the best interests of the three countries. With British support and the Portuguese initiative, German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck called on representatives of 13 nations in Europe and the United States to participate in the Berlin Conference of 1884 in order to develop a common policy on the African continent. In 1895, the British South Africa Company commissioned american Scout Frederick Russell Burnham to look for minerals and ways to improve river navigation in central and southern Africa. Burnham oversaw and led the northern Territories British South Africa Exploration Company`s expedition, which first found important copper deposits north of the Zambezi river in northeastern Rhodesia. Along the Kafue River, Burnham saw many similarities to the copper deposits he had worked in the United States and met natives wearing copper bracelets. Copper quickly became Central Africa`s main exporter and is still essential to the economy today. Berlin conference: a drawing of the Berlin conference. The main dominant powers of the conference were France, Germany, the United Kingdom and Portugal. From 1878 to 1885 Stanley returned to Congo, not as a reporter, but as Leopold`s emissary with the secret mission to organize what is known as the Free State of Congo. The French secret services discovered Leopold`s plans and France quickly participated in his own colonial exploration.

French naval officer Pierre de Brazza was sent to the Central African Republic, travelled to the western basin of Congo and the French flag was raised in 1881 over the new town of Brazzaville in present-day Republic of Congo. Portugal, which had a long colonial empire but was essentially abandoned in the region by the predominantly sovereign state of Congo, claimed territory. His claims were based on previous contracts with Spain and the Roman Catholic Church. On February 2, 1884, with his former ally, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, a treaty to block Congolese society`s access to the Atlantic. Some argued that the conference was at the centre of imperialism. African-American historian W. E.B. Du Bois wrote in 1948 that in addition to the Atlantic slave trade in Africa, a major modern-day global movement is "the division of Africa after the Franco-German war, which prospered colonial imperialism with the Berlin Conference of 1884" and that "the first reality of imperialism in Africa today is economic" to explain the acquisition of the continent`s wealth. [23] The conference took place on Saturday, November 15, 1884 at the headquarters of Bismarck, on the Wilhelmstrasse. The main dominant powers of the conference were France, Germany, the United Kingdom and Portugal.

They have revived Africa without taking into account the cultural and linguistic boundaries that already exist. At the end of the conference, Africa was divided into 50 colonies. The monitors determined who had control over each of these new services. They also planned, without commitment, to end the slave trade in Africa. This rapid increase in the exploration and colonization of Africa eventually led to the Berlin Conference in 1884.

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