Types Of Agreement In Collective Bargaining



-December 19, 2020-

Types Of Agreement In Collective Bargaining

Mike Burroughs

According to this theory, workers sell their individual work only on terms defined collectively on the basis of a contract concluded in the context of collective bargaining. There must be a change in the attitude of employers and workers. They should be aware that the collective bargaining approach does not involve litigation, as it does in the decision-making process. It is an approach that indicates that both sides are committed to peacefully resolving their differences over their respective claims, relying solely on their own strength and resources; they are not looking for a third party to solve their problems. Collective bargaining has made a significant contribution to the protection and promotion of workers` interests, particularly with regard to employment conditions. In many countries around the world, trade unions have successfully entered into agreements with employers for higher wages, improved benefits and financial allowances, job security, improved physical working conditions, social benefits, etc. In many cases, the benefits of collective bargaining have been much better than those available or expected by legislation or industrial premiums. When employees of an organization vote in favour of union formation, the collective bargaining process begins. Collective negotiationsThe process of negotiating an agreement between management and workers. is the negotiation process between the company and union representatives. The objective is for management and the union to enter into a contractual agreement that will enter into force for a specified period of time. Once that period has passed, a new treaty will be negotiated.

In this section, we will discuss the elements of the collective agreement. The collective agreement develops following a successful conclusion of collective bargaining. The collective agreement includes a final written contract, valid for a fixed period, which takes place between management and workers through representatives. It does not replace an individual contract, but amends or improves the contract with respect to wages, working time, working conditions and benefits, overtime and dispute resolution procedures (Addison, Teixeira, Bryson-Pahnke, 2013). There are different types of collective agreements, some of which are listed below: Portuguese law distinguishes three types of collective agreements, depending on the nature of the signatories on the employer side (Article 2, Collective Relations Act): association agreements negotiated by employers` organisations; multi-employer agreements negotiated by a number of employers who, whether or not they are members of employer organizations, do not act through any association to negotiate the agreement in question; Agreements concluded at the company level by a single employer. This distinction is used by law to resolve specific conflicts between collective agreements (see also collective bargaining: level of bargaining, instruments of collective labour regulation). Another legal distinction, based on the different nature of the scope of collective agreements, is defined by horizontal and vertical agreements (see below).


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